Mfofascial anatomy

The muscles of the face are thinner and smaller than most muscles in the body.They can be fragile and difficult to palpate,and are overlaid in many layers.Some are deep,some superficial,some contract to lift one way,some lift another way.Knowing at which depth to needle these muscles is important.For example,there are eight muscles involved in the movement of the upper lip: These muscular dynamics are diagnostically significant in facial conditions such as Bell's palsy and stroke.
Facial guasha can be useful to loosen stiff fascial fibres.The mimetic muscles are differently to skeletal muscles.Skeletal muscles lose mass and strength as they age,with infiltration of fat tissue and connective tissue.Facial muscles lengthen with age,increase in muscle tone with a shorter amplitude of movement,and the muscle tone at rest is closer to maximum contracture.The end result is that mimetic muscles become shorter and tighter as they get older, while skeletal muscles become thinner and weaker.The clinical effect of these changes involves a general tightening of the muscles of the face,causing a limited amplitude of facial expression, permanent contractures(which result in a potential shifting of fat and thus an accentuation of skin creases) and skin wrinkling, with a transformation of dynamic to static facial lines.From a cosmetic perspective, facial acupuncture,guasha and facial cupping can be used to increase qi and blood flow in the face and return the facial muscles back to a more youthful state.